Important Sports related information and Sports Terminology

Important Sports related information and Sports Terminology

We all Govt. Job aspirants are young and involved in most of the sports. But, Worst thing is that we even don’t know which cup is related to which sports and what are important sports related different terms which are used in sports and what are the different rules in different sports. Whenever any question related to Sports come in front of us during Govt. Job exam like SSC or Banking IBPS, we just skip that by saying it doesn’t matter…Just one mark question. But, it matters at the time of your interview…even one mark can improve you in all India ranking and promote you for more respected post.

Important Sports related information and Sports Terminology

Let’s go through sports related information and different terminology used in different type of sports:

Cricket

  • Cricket was started by the England.
  • First official test match as well as One-day was played between Australia and England in Melbourne.
  • Head institute of Cricket is ICC which stands for International Cricket Council.
  • India’s Cricket Board BCCI was formed in 1927.

Field on Which players play known as the Pitch.

Measurements related to Cricket Ground:

  • Pitch Length: 22 Yards ( 20.11 Meters)
  • Crease Length: 1.22 to 1.83 Meters (4 Ft.)
  • Weight of the Ball is around 155 to 163 Gram.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Cricket Match:

Played On, Appeal, Bye, Leg Bye, Power Play, Follow On, Dusara, Beamer, Hoober Shot, Duck worthLuis, Chinaman, LBW ( Leg Before Wicket ), Hook, Dead ball, Popping crease, Yorker, Wicket Maiden, Snick, Duck ( Common terms  are not mentioned here. )

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Cricket:

ICC World Cup, Ashes, Asia Cup, C.K Naidu Trophy, Duleep Trophy, Gavaskar-Boarder Trophy, G.D Birla Trophy, Jawahar Lal Nehru Cup, Mc Dowells Cup, Sahar Cup, Sharjah Chup, Gillete Cup, vijay hazare Trophy , Ranji trophy, Rani Jhansi trophy

Football

  • Football was started by the British People.
  • Head Institute of Football is FIFA ( Federation of International deFootball Association’ and its head office is in Paris.

Field on Which players play known as the Field.

Measurements related to Football Ground:

Length of Ground: 90 to 120 meters

Ground’s Width: 45 to 91 meters

Weight as well as Circumference of Ball: 396-451 gram and 68-71 cm respectively.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Football:

Abbey, Dribble, Extra Time,  Striker, Centre, Forward, Penalty Kick, Free Kick, Sudden Death, Penalty Shootout,  Drop ball, Sliding tackle, Off side, Throw in, Hand Ball, Sweeper, Goal Kick, Penalty Kick, Kick Off, Tie Breaker, Free Kick etc.

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Football:

Santosh Trophy (In the memory of Manmath Nath Roy Chaudhary of Snatosh) , Durand Cup, FIFA World Cup, Vittal Trophy, Memorial Trophy, Sir Ashutosh Mukhrjee Trophy, Subroto Mukhrjee Trophy, Kalinga Cup

Hockey:

  • This game was started by England.
  • Head institute is ‘Federation Internationale de Hockey’; it’s headquarter is in Paris (France).

 Field on Which players play known as the Field.

 Measurements related to Hockey Ground:

Length of Playing Field: 91.44 Meters

Weight of ball and Hockey Stick: 155-163 gram and 280 grams respectively

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Hockey:

Advantage, Back-Stick, Bully, Carry, Dribble, Dodge, Goal Line, Green Card, Flick, free Hit, Face of Stick, Jab Stroke, Lung Stroke, Melee, Square pass, Tackling, Through pass, Under Cutting, Stick, Centre Forward, Roll in, Push in, Shooting etc. 

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Hockey:

Aga Khan Cup, Begam Rasul Trophy, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Gold Cup, Murugappa Gold Cup, Dhyan Chand Trophy,  Speically for women’s are lady Ratan Tata Trophy, GuruNanak Championship etc.

Volleyball:

  • This game was started by United States of America.
  • Head institute is ‘International Volleyball Association’; headquarter located at Paris ( France).
  • Volleyball India institute named as Volleyball Federation of India.

Measurements related to Volleyball:

Length of Court: 18m, Net’s height: 2.43 m, Weight of ball is 250-260 grams.

Field on Which players play known as the Court.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Volleyball:

Antennae, Attack Hit, Back zone players, Dribbling, Libero, Smash, Rotation, Net Fault, Volley Pass, Forearm pass, Hook Serve, Service, Setup etc.

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to VolleyBall:

Centennial Cup, Federation Cup, Indira Pradhan Trophy, Shivanthi Gold Cup etc.

Table Tennis:

  • Game was started by the England.
  • Head office International Table Tennis association located at England.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in TableTennis:

Foil, End Line, late Control, Flat hit, Block stroke, Service, Penholder grip, Back spin, Centre Line, Half court, side spin, swing stroke, push stroke, rally, let, reverse, top spin, drop shot, lob, chopped return etc.

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Tabletennis:

Berna Bellack Cup, Corbillion Cup, Jai Laxmi Cup, Rajkumari challenge Cup, Ramanuja Trophy, Travancore Cup, Swathling Cup etc.

Basketball:

  • Started by the USA.
  • Head office named as International Basket Ball Federation.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Basketball:

Dribbling, front court, second dribble, two count stop, shifting, pivoting, held ball, jump ball, violation, foul, shooting, set shot, ring, guard point, dead ball, three point, turn over etc. 

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Basketball:

B.C Gupta Trophy, Basalat Jha, Nehru Cup, Federation Cup, Banglore Blues Challenge Cup, Yonex Cup etc.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Badminton:

End, Trains Line, Back gallery, Court, let, base of operation, drop shoot, duce, advance, service change, lob, clear, smash, match point, net fault, rally, setting etc.

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Badminton:

Aggarwal Cup, Asia Cup, Chaddha Cup, Konica Cup, S.R RUia Cup, Uber Cup, Yonex Cup,

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Lawn tennis:

Ace, Advantage, A let, Back hand drive, deuce, Chip shot, Volley, Grand Slam, Single Sticks, Love, Slice etc.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Wrestling:

Heave, Half, Rebuts, Hold Sager etc.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Chess:

Bishop, Gambit, Checkmate, Stalemate, Pawn, Grandmaster etc.

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Chess:

Naidu Trophy, Khaitan Trophy, Limca Trophy etc.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Golf:

Bogie, Fore Some, Stymie, T, Put hole, Nib Lick, Caddy, Limns, Iron, Putting, Green, Bunker etc.

Field on Which players play known as the Course.  

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Golf:

Canada Cup, Nomura Trophy, Prince of Wales Cup, Ryder Cup, Walker Cup etc.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Water Polo:

Caps, Personal, Fault, Ball under, 2 meter line, 4 meter line

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Polo:

Ezra Cup, Gold Cup, Winchester cup, Prithi Pal Singh Cup, King’s Cup

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Baseball:

Home, Diamond, Pitcher, Put out, Home run, Strike, Ant tuber etc.

Field on Which players play known as the Diamond.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Billiards:

Cue, Jiggar, Pot, Break Pot, In Luck, In off, Cans, Bolting, hazard etc.

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Billiards:

Arthur Walker Trophy

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Rifle Shooting:

Target, Bulls eye, Muzzle Flub etc.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Kho-Kho:

Chasers, Active, Chaser, Runners, Driving, Taking a direction, to recede, late Kho, Gving Kho, Fake Kho etc.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Swimming:

Crawl, Breast stroke, Spring Board, Twist, Butter fly.

Field on Which players play known as the Pool.

Different Terms (Terminology) used in Boxing:

Punch, Belt, Bounce, Upper Cut, Round, Jab, Knock down, Hitting willow, Ring, Break, Blow, Bounce, Bout etc.

Field on Which players play known as the Ring.

Championships (Different Cups and Trophies) related to Boxing:

Federation Cup, Aspy Adjahia Trophy, Val Baker Trophy 

Sometimes, Examiner asks regarding total number of players for different games; so here is list of number of players for different games.

Sports

Number of players

Baseball 9
Rugby Football 15
Polo 4
Water Polo 7
Kho-Kho 9
Kabaddi 7
Hockey, Cricket and Football 11
Netball 7
Volleyball 6
Badminton, Tennis and Table-tennis 1 or 2
Basketball 5
Billiards/Snooker 1
Boxing/Chess 1
Bridge 2
Lacrosse 12

 

National games of different-different Country:

Country Sports
USA Baseball
Spain Bull-Fighting
Canada Ice-Hockey
Russia Chess
Scotland Rugby Football
England Cricket
Japan Ju-Jitsu
Australia Cricket
India Hockey
China Table-Tennis

 

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